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Tcl_Exit(3)          Tcl Library Procedures                   7.7



Tcl_Exit, Tcl_Finalize, Tcl_CreateExitHandler, Tcl_DeleteExitHandler - end the application (and invoke exit handlers)


#include <tcl.h> Tcl_Exit(status) Tcl_Finalize() Tcl_CreateExitHandler(proc, clientData) Tcl_DeleteExitHandler(proc, clientData)


int status (in) Provides information about why application exited. Exact meaning may be platform- specific. 0 usually means a normal exit, any nonzero value usu- ally means that an error occurred. Tcl_ExitProc *proc (in) Procedure to invoke before exiting appli- cation. ClientData clientData (in) Arbitrary one-word value to pass to proc. _________________________________________________________________


The procedures described here provide a graceful mechanism to end the execution of a Tcl application. Exit handlers are invoked to cleanup the application's state before ending the execution of Tcl code. Invoke Tcl_Exit to end a Tcl application and to exit from this process. This procedure is invoked by the exit command, and can be invoked anyplace else to terminate the applica- tion. No-one should ever invoke the exit system procedure directly; always invoke Tcl_Exit instead, so that it can invoke exit handlers. Note that if other code invokes exit system procedure directly, or otherwise causes the applica- tion to terminate without calling Tcl_Exit, the exit Tcl 1 Tcl_Exit(3) Tcl Library Procedures 7.7 handlers will not be run. Tcl_Exit internally invokes the exit system call, thus it never returns control to its caller. Tcl_Finalize is similar to Tcl_Exit except that it does not | exit from the current process. It is useful for cleaning up | when a process is finished using Tcl but wishes to continue | executing, and when Tcl is used in a dynamically loaded | extension that is about to be unloaded. On some systems Tcl | is automatically notified when it is being unloaded, and it | calls Tcl_Finalize internally; on these systems it not | necessary for the caller to explicitly call Tcl_Finalize. | However, to ensure portability, your code should always | invoke Tcl_Finalize when Tcl is being unloaded, to ensure | that the code will work on all platforms. Tcl_Finalize can | be safely called more than once. Tcl_CreateExitHandler arranges for proc to be invoked by Tcl_Finalize and Tcl_Exit. This provides a hook for cleanup operations such as flushing buffers and freeing global memory. Proc should match the type Tcl_ExitProc: typedef void Tcl_ExitProc(ClientData clientData); The clientData parameter to proc is a copy of the clientData argument given to Tcl_CreateExitHandler when the callback was created. Typically, clientData points to a data struc- ture containing application-specific information about what to do in proc. Tcl_DeleteExitHandler may be called to delete a previously- created exit handler. It removes the handler indicated by proc and clientData so that no call to proc will be made. If no such handler exists then Tcl_DeleteExitHandler does nothing. Tcl_Finalize and Tcl_Exit execute all registered exit | handlers, in reverse order from the order in which they were | registered. This matches the natural order in which exten- | sions are loaded and unloaded; if extension A loads exten- | sion B, it usually unloads B before it itself is unloaded. | If extension A registers its exit handlers before loading | extension B, this ensures that any exit handlers for B will | be executed before the exit handlers for A.


callback, cleanup, dynamic loading, end application, exit, unloading Tcl 2 Prepared by Ready-to-Run Software, Inc.


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